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Natives For Your Neighborhood Plant List


Plants in Monroe (Keys) County


Below is a list of cultivated native plants for this ZIP code. These plants, all within their natural range in this geographic area, are appropriate for use in landscaping here. By planting these native species, you can not only create a low-maintenance and sustainable landscape to enjoy, but you will also increase your contribution to the conservation and restoration of Florida’s environment. (For more on this, click here.)

To take gardening with natives a step further, you can learn about the native plant habitats that are appropriate for your area (click the back button to view a list of those habitats where available). As of 2022, these lists are available for South Florida, and for some coastal upland ecosystems along the east coast. Where available, you can choose a habitat, and view a list of plants for that specific habitat or native ecosystem. This way, you can try your hand at restoring a native plant ecosystem in your yard or at a project site. Habitat lists also include some hard to grow natives and natives with narrow habitat requirements, such as strictly coastal or rare species, that may not be included on your main zip code list.

To view detailed information, including the horticultural requirements and landscaping uses of the plants as well as photos for most species, click on any plant name.

This county list is useful for:

· Street, highway, and other roadside plantings
· Parking lot plantings
· General native plant projects requiring only common native species
· Large-scale countywide plantings

The ZIP code plant lists (found by entering your ZIP code at left) are useful for:
· Home, school, and office plantings · Ecological restoration and rehabilitation projects (see also habitat lists)
· Planting projects in and near conservation areas and parks
· Mitigation projects

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Widely cultivated
Cultivated at native plant nurseries
Common Name Scientific Name

Trees
Black ironwood  Krugiodendron ferreum
Black mangrove  Avicennia germinans
Blolly, Beeftree  Guapira discolor
Buttonwood  Conocarpus erectus
Cabbage palm  Sabal palmetto
Cinnamon bark, Pepper cinnamon  Canella winterana
Common torchwood, Sea torchwood  Amyris elemifera
Crabwood, Oysterwood  Gymnanthes lucida
Darlingplum  Reynosia septentrionalis
Everglades velvetseed, Hammock velvetseed Guettarda elliptica
Florida fiddlewood  Citharexylum spinosum
Green thatch palm, Florida thatch palm  Thrinax radiata
Gumbo-limbo  Bursera simaruba
Inkwood, Butterbough  Exothea paniculata
Jamaica caper-tree  Quadrella cynophallophora
Jamaica-dogwood, Florida fishpoison tree  Piscidia piscipula
Key thatch palm, Brittle thatch palm, Silver thatch palm  Leucothrinax morrisii
Lignumvitae, Holywood lignumvitae  Guaiacum sanctum
Milkbark, Whitewood  Drypetes diversifolia
Paradisetree  Simarouba glauca
Pigeonplum, Tietongue  Coccoloba diversifolia
Red mangrove  Rhizophora mangle
Saffronplum  Sideroxylon celastrinum
Satinleaf  Chrysophyllum oliviforme
Seagrape  Coccoloba uvifera
Short-leaf fig, Wild banyan tree  Ficus citrifolia
Smooth strongback, Bahama strongbark  Bourreria succulenta
Spanish stopper, Boxleaf stopper  Eugenia foetida
Strangler fig, Golden fig  Ficus aurea
White mangrove  Laguncularia racemosa
White stopper  Eugenia axillaris
Wild dilly  Manilkara jaimiqui subsp. emarginata
Wild-lime, Lime prickly-ash  Zanthoxylum fagara
Wild-tamarind, False tamarind  Lysiloma latisiliquum
Willow-bustic, White bully  Sideroxylon salicifolium

Shrubs and Woody Groundcovers
Bahama nightshade Solanum bahamense
Baycedar  Suriana maritima
Beach-creeper, Golden-creeper, Coughbush  Ernodea littoralis
Beach-elder, Seacoast marshelder  Iva imbricata
Blacktorch  Erithalis fruticosa
Cat’s-claw, Catclaw blackbead  Pithecellobium unguis-cati
Christmasberry, Carolina desertthorn  Lycium carolinianum
Common snowberry, Milkberry  Chiococca alba
Florida Keys blackbead  Pithecellobium keyense
Green sea-oxeye-daisy, Tree seaside oxeye  Borrichia arborescens
Inkberry, Beachberry, Gullfeed  Scaevola plumieri
Joewood  Jacquinia keyensis
Limber caper, Bayleaf capertree  Cynophalla flexuosa
Marlberry  Ardisia escallonioides
Pearlberry, Tearshrub  Vallesia antillana
Red stopper  Eugenia rhombea
Rhacoma, Maidenberry  Crossopetalum rhacoma
Saltbush, Groundsel tree, Sea-myrtle  Baccharis halimifolia
Saltwort, Turtleweed Batis maritima
Sea-lavender, Sea-rosemary  Tournefortia gnaphalodes
Sevenyear-apple  Casasia clusiifolia
Silver sea-oxeye-daisy, Bushy seaside oxeye  Borrichia frutescens
White indigoberry  Randia aculeata
Wild cotton, Upland cotton Gossypium hirsutum
Wild-sage, Buttonsage  Lantana involucrata
Yellow necklacepod  Sophora tomentosa var. truncata

Succulents
Barbwire cactus, Dildoe cactus  Acanthocereus tetragonus
Erect pricklypear  Opuntia stricta
False-sisal  Agave decipiens
Fragrant pricklyapples, Caribbean applecactus Harrisia fragrans
Spanish-bayonet, Aloe yucca  Yucca aloifolia

Vines and Climbers
Beach-bean, Baybean, Seaside jackbean  Canavalia rosea
Corkystem passionflower  Passiflora suberosa
Devil’s-potato, Rubbervine Echites umbellatus
Downy milkpea Galactia volubilis
Marinevine, Sorrelvine Cissus trifoliata
Mouse’s pineapple, Redgal, Yellowroot  Morinda royoc
Railroad vine, Bayhops  Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis
Skyblue clustervine  Jacquemontia pentanthos
Vine milkweed, Gulf Coast swallowwort Seutera angustifolia
Wild-allamanda, Hammock viperstail  Pentalinon luteum

Grasses, sedges, and rushes
Arrowfeather threeawn  Aristida purpurascens
Blue paspalum, Blue crowngrass Paspalum caespitosum
Marshhay cordgrass, Saltmeadow cordgrass  Spartina patens
Saltgrass  Distichlis spicata
Seashore dropseed  Sporobolus virginicus
Seashore paspalum  Paspalum vaginatum
Smallcane, Florida tibisee, Wild-bamboo  Lasiacis divaricata

Larges grasses, sedges, and rushes
Beachgrass, Bitter panicgrass, Bitter panicum  Panicum amarum

Terrestrial wildflowers
Blue porterweed, Joee  Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
Candyweed, Showy milkwort Polygala violacea
False-mint, Sixangle foldwing  Dicliptera sexangularis
Mangrove spiderlily, Perfumed spiderlily  Hymenocallis latifolia
Marsh gentian, Seaside gentian, Catchfly prairie-gentian Eustoma exaltatum
Narrowleaf yellowtops  Flaveria linearis
Perennial sea-purslane, Shoreline seapurslane  Sesuvium portulacastrum
Poeppig’s rosemallow Hibiscus poeppigii
Samphire, Silverhead  Blutaparon vermiculare
Snow squarestem  Melanthera nivea
Sweetscent Pluchea odorata
Tea-blinkum, Sanddune cinchweed  Pectis glaucescens
Turkey tangle fogfruit, Capeweed, Frogfruit  Phyla nodiflora
Water hyssop, Herb-of-grace  Bacopa monnieri
Whitemouth dayflower Commelina erecta
Yellow joyweed Alternanthera flavescens

Other terrestrial groundcovers
Beach ragweed, Coastal ragweed  Ambrosia hispida
Bird pepper, Cayenne pepper  Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum

Large ferns
Giant leather fern  Acrostichum danaeifolium

Epiphytes
Banded wild-pine, Twisted airplant Tillandsia flexuosa
Florida butterfly orchid Encyclia tampensis
Giant wild-pine, Giant airplant Tillandsia utriculata
Spanish-moss Tillandsia usneoides
Twisted wild-pine, Potbelly airplant Tillandsia paucifolia



 
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