General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small erect herbaceous wildflower.
About 6-12 inches in height. Taller than broad.
Southeastern United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and open disturbed sites.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Dark purple to purplish-pink or rarely white with a yellow tip on the upper petal.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Can be grown from seed and division.
The leaves and flowers of this species are extremely variable; use appropriate sources. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday