General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent shrub in coastal areas.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium shrub with an erect stem. Branches and leaves sometimes spiny. Leaves slightly hairy beneath.
About 4-6 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Monroe County Keys north along the east coast to Martin County; West Indies.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without significant injury.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Purple petals with yellow anthers.
Semi-showy, about 1/2" wide.
Bright red berry, produced in rows.
Can be grown from seed.