General Landscape Uses:
Accent shrub. Buffer plantings.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida. Available in Sanibel at the Sanibel Captiva Conservation Foundation
(239-472-2329) and in Parrish at Sweet Bay Nursery, LLC
Medium shrub with willow-like stems. Bark gray or light brown, rough. Leaves light green, rough.
Typically 4-8 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Fast to moderate.
Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Brevard, Hillsborough and Pinellas counties; West Indies, Mexico and Central America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Hammock edges, pine rocklands and coastal thickets.
Moist, well-drained limestone or sandy soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
White or pink with a yellow center.
Semi-showy inflorescence. Very fragrant.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food for birds. Nectar plant
for Bahamian swallowtail (Papilio andraemon
), Bartram's scrub-hairstreak (Strymon acis
), cassius blue (Leptotes cassius
), Dorantes longtail (Urbanus dorantes
), Florida duskywing (Ephyriades brunneus
), Florida white (Appias drusilla
), giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes
), great southern white (Ascia monuste
), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae
), hammock skipper (Polygonus leo
), julia (Dryas iulia
), large orange sulphur (Phoebis agarithe
), long-tailed skipper (Urbanus proteus
), martial scrub-hairstreak (Strymon martialis
), Miami blue (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri
), red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops
), Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus
), zestos skipper (Epargyreus zestos
) and other butterflies and moths.
Can be grown from seed.
The leaves smell like sage when crushed.