General Landscape Uses:
Groundcover in open, coastal areas.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An important sand stabilizer in the pioneer zone of beach dunes which can tolerate occasional flooding by sea water.
Native plant nurseries.
Small prostrate herb.
About 3-8 inches in height. Spreading and forming large patches much broader than tal.
Moderate to fast.
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and Old World.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Beach dunes and brackish coastal areas.
Wet to moist, periodically inundated brackish or saline soils, with or without organic or humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
High; tolerates flooding by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Pioneer; grows in unconsolidated substrate in direct salt wind and spray.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Sepals green on the outside, pink to pinkish-purple on the inside.
Semi-showy. The petals are absent.
Wildlife and Ecology: Nectar plant
for Miami blue (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri
Can be grown from seed and cuttings.
Hammer 2004, Nelson 2003
The succulent leaves are edible (although very salty) and have been used as a source of vitamin C. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday