General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens and water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Native plant nurseries. Available in Boynton Beach at Sustaincape Florida
(561-245-5305), in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants
(561-540-6296), in Sanibel at the Sanibel Captiva Conservation Foundation
(239-472-2329),in Miami at Pro Native Consulting
(786-488-3101), and in Groveland at Green Isle Gardens
Small creeping herbaceous wildflower.
About 1-3 inches in height; to 6 inches when in flower. Spreading and forming large open or dense patches.
Widespread in the United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Wet prairies and moist disturbed areas.
Wet to moist, well-drained to poorly drained sandy, limestone or organic soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
White flowers with purple bracts.
An inconspicuous aggregate of 4 nutlets.
Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant
for common buckeye (Junonia coenia
), phaon crescent (Phyciodes phaon
) and white peacock (Anartia jatrophae
) butterflies. Nectar plant
for barred yellow (Eurema daira
), ceraunus blue (Hemiargus ceraunus
), field skipper (Atalopedes campestris
), gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus
), little metalmark (Calephelis virginiensis
), Miami blue (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri
), Palatka skipper (Euphyes pilatka
), phaon crescent, queen (Danaus gilippus
), swarthy skipper (Nastra lherminier
), tropical checkered-skipper (Pyrgus oileus
) and other butterflies. Attracts native bees and other beneficial insects.
Easily grown from cuttings.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday