General Landscape Uses:
Accent shrub or small tree. Buffer plantings.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small tree or large shrub with an open, irregular crown from small upright branches. Bark dark brown, smooth. Leaves dull green above, 1-2 inches long.
Typically 10-20 feet in height; to 23 feet in South Florida. Usually taller than broad.
Monroe, Miami-Dade and Broward counties; disjunct in St. Lucie County; West Indies and Mexico. In Broward County, known only from Hugh Taylor Birch State Park. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pine rocklands and hammocks.
Moist, well-drained limestone (rarely sandy) soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Full sun to light shade.
White to reddish-pink.
All year; peak in spring.
Rounded purple berry.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife.
Difficult to grow from seed.
Schaefer & Tanner 1997