Everglades velvetseed, Hammock velvetseed
Guettarda elliptica

Landscape Uses:

Accent shrub or small tree. Buffer plantings.

Ecological Restoration Notes:

Grown by enthusiasts.
Small tree or large shrub with an open, irregular crown from small upright branches. Bark dark brown, smooth. Leaves dull green above, 1-2 inches long.
Typically 10-20 feet in height; to 23 feet in South Florida. Usually taller than broad.
Growth Rate:
Monroe and Miami-Dade counties north along the east coast to St. Lucie County, where collected near Fort Pierce (Wunderlin et al. 10152); West Indies and Mexico. Extremely rare north of the Miami River. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.
Pine rocklands and hammocks.
Moist, well-drained limestone (rarely sandy) soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements:
Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Drought Tolerance:
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements:
Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color:
White to reddish-pink.
Flower Characteristics:
Flowering Season:
All year; peak in spring.
Rounded purple berry.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife.
Horticultural Notes:
Difficult to grow from seed.

George D. Gann
George D. Gann
George D. Gann