General Landscape Uses:
Accent shrub in open coastal areas.
Native plant nurseries.
Small shrub with succulent leaves and trailing stems. Leaves thick, dark green.
About 2-5 feet in height. Usually broader than tall.
Monroe County Keys north to Brevard, Hillsborough and Pinellas counties; West Indies, Mexico, South America, Galapagos and Old World tropics. Rare in the Monroe County Keys; now migrating to the north along the coasts.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Beach dunes, coastal strand and coastal grasslands.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Frontline; grows in direct salt wind but away from constant salt spray.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
White to pinkish white.
Semi-showy. One-sided, appearing like a flower cut in half.
All year; peak in summer.
Black ovoid drupe. All year.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife.
Can be grown from seed and division (rooted stems).
Schaefer & Tanner 1997
It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida.