General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A common but barely noticeable understory wildflower of open upland ecosystems.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small creeping herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 3-12 inches in height. Spreading and forming small open or dense patches.
Moderate to fast.
Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Rare in the Monroe County Keys.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and coastal uplands.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Two blue petals and one white petal.
Showy, about 1" wide; flowers are open in the morning.
All year; peak in summer.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Wilting flowers attract insects.
Can be grown from cuttings and seed.
Similar in appearance to the weedy exotic common dayflower
, but the lowest petal is white. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday