General Landscape Uses:
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A somewhat rare and ephemeral understory component of coastal hammocks.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Small short-lived shrubby herb with dark green shiny leaves.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Often about as broad as tall.
Southern United States south mostly along the Florida coasts to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and northern South America. Rare and ephemeral throughout its range in South Florida.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Moist, well-drained limestone or calcareous sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light shade to full sun.
Red berry. Edible (very hot!).
Wildlife and Ecology:
Birds (especially mockingbirds) eat the green, un-ripened peppers
Can be grown from seed.
A Gardener's Guide to Florida's Native Plants
A short-lived plant, generally living 1-2 years. It recruits readily in the garden from seed but does not become aggressive. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday