General Landscape Uses:
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A somewhat rare and ephemeral understory component of coastal hammocks.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Small short-lived shrubby herb with dark green shiny leaves.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Often about as broad as tall.
Southern United States south mostly along the Florida coasts to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and northern South America. Rare and ephemeral throughout its range in South Florida.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained limestone or calcareous sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light shade to full sun.
Red berry. Edible (very hot!).
Wildlife and Ecology:
Birds (especially mockingbirds) eat the green, un-ripened peppers
Can be grown from seed.
A short-lived plant, generally living 1-2 years. It recruits readily in the garden from seed but does not become aggressive.