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White indigoberry
Randia aculeata

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Accent shrub. Buffer plantings.

Ecological Restoration Notes: A common element of hammocks in South Florida, mostly along the coasts.

Availability: Widely cultivated. Available in Boynton Beach at Sustainscape, Inc. (561-245-5305), Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery (561-641-9488) and in Homestead at Plant Creations Inc. (305-248-8147), and in Sanibel at the Sanibel Captiva Conservation Foundation (239-472-2329).

Description: Medium to large shrub or rarely a small tree with an erect trunk and a narrow crown. Branches often thorny. Bark gray. Leaves glossy, from 1/2 to 2 inches in length. An extremely variable species.

Dimensions: Typically 6-8 feet in height, but often taller on barrier islands. Taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Moderate to slow.

Range: Monroe County Keys north along the coasts to Brevard and Hillsborough counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

Plant Map Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

 Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.

 Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.

Habitats: Moist forests, forest edges and pinelands.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade.

Flower Color: White.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: White berry with indigo pulp.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for tantalus sphinx (Aellopus tantalus) moths. Nectar plant for Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) and other butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from de-pulped seed and cuttings. Scatter seeds over soil and barely cover. Place in light shade. Transplant into liners after first true leaves emerge.

References: Nelson 2003, Schaefer & Tanner 1997

Comments: See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday page.

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Elizabeth Golden

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Robert Grant, 2015
In habitat, Redland Farming area, Miami-Dade County,

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Ray David Rodríguez; Agrandar.

Copyright by: Ray David Rodríguez; Agrandar.

Copyright by: Ray David Rodríguez; Agrandar.

Other data on Randia aculeata available from:

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