General Landscape Uses:
An accent groundcover in open coastal locations.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
Rather sporadic along the South Florida coast. Perhaps never common, but its numbers may have been reduced by coastal development and erosion.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida. Available in Sanibel at the Sanibel Captiva Conservation Foundation
Small spreading herb.
Typically 1-3 feet in height but sometimes climbing into other vegetation. Spreading and forming large mats.
Moderate to fast.
Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County north along the coasts to Brevard and Lee counties; West Indies, southern Mexico and Central America. Rather rare and sporadic throughout its range in South Florida.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Beach dunes and coastal strand.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
All year; peak in summer.
Inconspicuous achene with 1-5 conic spines. All year.
Wildlife and Ecology:
The flowers are pollinated by wind.
Can be grown from cuttings. Newly planted patches may spread rapidly, then die back after 2-3 years.
Hammer 2004, Miami-Dade County Landscape Manual (2005)
An excellent groundcover in coastal areas with high light.