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False-mint, Sixangle foldwing
Dicliptera sexangularis

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.

Ecological Restoration Notes: Most common as an understory herb along the coast on the margins of hammocks and tidal swamps.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.

Description: Erect, medium to large annual herb with 6-angled stems and opposite leaves.

Dimensions: Typically 1-4 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Fast.

Range: Florida from the Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Volusia and Levy counties; disjunct in Calhoun County; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

Plant Map Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

 Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.

 Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.

Habitats: Coastal hammocks and thickets.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Light shade to full sun.

Flower Color: Red.

Flower Characteristics: Showy tubular flowers, about 1" long.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Inconspicuous green to brown capsule.

Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant for Cuban crescent (Phyciodes frisia) butterflies. Nectar plant for large orange sulphur (Phoebis agarithe) and other butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Easily grown from seeds or cuttings.

References: Hammer 2004

Comments: Recruits readily from seed in the garden and can become quite weedy in disturbed areas. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday page.

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Chuck McCartney, 1992
Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Joe Montes de Oca via iNaturalist

Other data on Dicliptera sexangularis available from:

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