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Shell Mound

There are 227 taxa reported for the Shell Mound habitat.

Indian midden with shell substrate; xeric-mesic; subtropical or temperate; rare or no fire; mixed hardwoods.
Habitats:
Scientific Name: Common Name: South Florida Native Status:
Abrus precatorius Rosary-pea, Crab-eyes Not Native, Naturalized
Abutilon permolle Coastal Indian mallow Native
Acalypha ostryifolia Pineland threeseed mercury Native
Acanthocereus tetragonus Barbwire cactus, Dildoe cactus Native
Agave decipiens False-sisal Native
Agave sisalana Sisal-hemp Not Native, Naturalized
Albizia lebbeck Woman’s tongue, Rattlepod Not Native, Naturalized
Aloe vera Aloe Not Native, Cultivated Only
Alternanthera flavescens Yellow joyweed Native
Ampelopsis arborea Peppervine Native
Amphitecna latifolia Black-calabash Native
Amyris elemifera Common torchwood, Sea torchwood Native
Andropogon glomeratus var. pumilus Common bushy bluestem Native
Annona squamosa Sugar-apple Not Native, Naturalized
Anredera vesicaria Madeira vine, Texas madieravine Not Native, Naturalized
Antigonon leptopus Coral vine, Queen's jewels Not Native, Naturalized
Ardisia escallonioides Marlberry Native
Argemone mexicana Mexican pricklypoppy Native
Asparagus aethiopicus Sprenger’s asparagus-fern Not Native, Naturalized
Baccharis halimifolia Saltbush, Groundsel tree, Sea-myrtle Native
Bidens alba var. radiata Spanish-needles Native
Bischofia javanica Javanese bishopwood Not Native, Naturalized
Boerhavia diffusa Red spiderling, Wineflower Native
Bothriochloa pertusa Pitted bluestem, Pitted beardgrass Not Native, Naturalized
Bursera simaruba Gumbo-limbo Native
Caesalpinia bonduc Gray nicker-bean Native
Cakile lanceolata Coastal searocket Native
Capraria biflora Goatweed Native
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Bird pepper, Cayenne pepper Native
Carica papaya Papaya Native
Cassytha filiformis Lovevine, Devil’s gut Native
Casuarina equisetifolia Australian-pine, Horsetail casuarina Not Native, Naturalized
Catharanthus roseus Madagascar-periwinkle Not Native, Naturalized
Celosia nitida West Indian cock’s comb Native
Celtis iguanaea Iguana hackberry Native
Celtis pallida Spiny hackberry, Desert hackberry Native
Cenchrus echinatus Southern sandbur Native
Cenchrus incertus Coastal sandbur Native
Cenchrus myosuroides Big sandbur Native
Cereus repandus Bishop cactus, Peruvian apple cactus Not Native, Naturalized
Cheilanthes microphylla Southern lip fern Native
Chiococca alba Common snowberry, Milkberry Native
Chiococca parvifolia Pineland snowberry Native
Chromolaena odorata Jack-in-the-bush Native
Chrysophyllum oliviforme Satinleaf Native
Cissus trifoliata Marinevine, Sorrelvine Native
Cissus verticillata var. verticillata Possum-grape, Seasonvine Native
Citharexylum spinosum Florida fiddlewood Native
Citrus x aurantiifolia Key lime Not Native, Naturalized
Citrus x aurantium Sour orange Not Native, Naturalized
Coccoloba diversifolia Pigeonplum, Tietongue Native
Coccoloba uvifera Seagrape Native
Colubrina asiatica Latherleaf, Asian nakedwood Not Native, Naturalized
Commelina erecta Whitemouth dayflower Native
Conocarpus erectus Buttonwood Native
Crotalaria incana Shakeshake Not Native, Naturalized
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis Vente conmigo Native
Cryptostegia grandiflora Palay rubbervine Not Native, Naturalized
Cupaniopsis anacardioides Carrotwood Not Native, Naturalized
Cynophalla flexuosa Limber caper, Bayleaf capertree Native
Cyperus floridanus Florida flatsedge Native
Cyperus ovatus Pinebarren flatsedge Native
Cyperus planifolius Flatleaf flatsedge Native
Cyperus rotundus Nut-grass Not Native, Naturalized
Cyperus tetragonus Fourangle flatsedge Native
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Crow's-foot grass, Durban crowfootgrass Not Native, Naturalized
Dalbergia ecastaphyllum Coinvine Native
Delonix regia Royal poinciana, Flamboyant Not Native, Naturalized
Dicliptera sexangularis False-mint, Sixangle foldwing Native
Digitaria ciliaris Southern crabgrass Native
Dimocarpus longan Longan Not Native, Naturalized
Dioscorea bulbifera Common air-potato Not Native, Naturalized
Encyclia tampensis Florida butterfly orchid Native
Eragrostis pectinacea var. tracyi Sanibel Island love grass Native
Erythrina herbacea Coralbean, Cherokee bean Native
Eugenia axillaris White stopper Native
Eugenia foetida Spanish stopper, Boxleaf stopper Native
Eugenia uniflora Surinam-cherry Not Native, Naturalized
Eupatorium capillifolium Dog-fennel Native
Euphorbia cyathophora Paintedleaf, Fire-on-the-mountain Native
Euphorbia hypericifolia Eyebane, Graceful sandmat Native
Euphorbia tirucalli Pencil-cactus, Pencil tree, Indian tree spurg Not Native, Cultivated Only
Eustachys petraea Common fingergrass, Pinewoods fingergrass Native
Exothea paniculata Inkwood, Butterbough Native
Ficus aurea Strangler fig, Golden fig Native
Ficus microcarpa Laurel fig, Indian laurel Not Native, Naturalized
Fimbristylis cymosa Hurricane sedge, Hurricanegrass Not Native, Naturalized
Flaveria linearis Narrowleaf yellowtops Native
Forestiera segregata Florida privet, Florida swampprivet Native
Funastrum clausum Whitevine, White twinevine Native
Galactia striata Florida hammock milkpea Native
Gossypium hirsutum Wild cotton, Upland cotton Native
Gouania lupuloides Chewstick, Whiteroot Native
Guapira discolor Blolly, Beeftree Native
Hamelia patens var. patens Firebush Native
Harrisia aboriginum Aboriginal pricklyapples, Prickly applecactus Native
Harrisia fragrans Fragrant pricklyapples, Caribbean applecactus Native
Heliotropium angiospermum Scorpionstail Native
Herissantia crispa Bladdermallow Native
Heteropogon contortus Tanglehead Doubtfully Native
Hibiscus tiliaceus var. tiliaceus Seaside mahoe, Sea hibiscus, mahoe Not Native, Naturalized
Hymenocallis latifolia Mangrove spiderlily, Perfumed spiderlily Native
Indigofera mucronata var. keyensis Florida Keys indigo Native
Ipomoea alba Common moonflowers, Moonflowers Native
Ipomoea hederifolia Scarletcreeper Native
Ipomoea indica Ocean-blue morningglory Native
Ipomoea triloba Three-lobed morningglory, Littlebell Not Native, Naturalized
Ipomoea violacea Coastal morningglory Native
Iresine diffusa Bloodleaf, Juba’s bush Native
Jatropha gossypiifolia Bellyache bush Not Native, Naturalized
Kalanchoe daigremontiana Devil’s-backbone Not Native, Naturalized
Kalanchoe delagoensis Chandelier plant Not Native, Naturalized
Kalanchoe pinnata Common liveleaf, Cathedral bells, Life plant Not Native, Naturalized
Lantana camara Shrubverbena Not Native, Naturalized
Lantana involucrata Wild-sage, Buttonsage Native
Lasiacis divaricata Smallcane, Florida tibisee, Wild-bamboo Native
Leersia monandra Bunch cutgrass Native
Lepidium virginicum Poor-man's-pepper, Virginia pepperweed Native
Leptochloa dubia Green spangletop, Green sprangletop Native
Leucaena leucocephala White leadtree Not Native, Naturalized
Malvastrum corchorifolium False mallow Native
Mangifera indica Mango Not Native, Naturalized
Manilkara jaimiqui subsp. emarginata Wild dilly Native
Maytenus phyllanthoides Florida mayten Native
Melanthera nivea Snow squarestem Native
Melinis repens Rose Natalgrass Not Native, Naturalized
Melothria pendula Creeping-cucumber Native
Mentzelia floridana Poorman’s-patch, Stickleaf Native
Metopium toxiferum Poisonwood, Florida poisontree Native
Morinda royoc Yellowroot, Redgal, Mouse’s pineapple Native
Myrcianthes fragrans Twinberry, Simpson’s stopper Native
Myriopus volubilis Twining soldierbush Native
Myrsine cubana Myrsine, Colicwood Native
Nectandra coriacea Lancewood Native
Nephrolepis exaltata Wild Boston fern Native
Oeceoclades maculata African ground orchid, Monk orchid Not Native, Naturalized
Opuntia humifusa Pricklypear Native
Opuntia stricta Erect pricklypear Native
Panicum maximum Guineagrass Not Native, Naturalized
Parietaria floridana Florida pellitory Native
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia-creeper, Woodbine Native
Paspalidium chapmanii Coral panicum Native
Passiflora suberosa Corkystem passionflower Native
Pectis glaucescens Tea-blinkum, Sanddune cinchweed Native
Pentalinon luteum Wild-allamanda, Hammock viperstail Native
Persea borbonia var. borbonia Red bay Native
Petiveria alliacea Guinea hen weed Native
Phlebodium aureum Golden polypody Native
Phytolacca americana American pokeweed Native
Piscidia piscipula Jamaica-dogwood, Florida fishpoison tree Native
Pisonia aculeata Devil's claws, Pullback Native
Pithecellobium keyense Florida Keys blackbead Native
Pithecellobium unguis-cati Cat’s-claw, Catclaw blackbead Native
Pleopeltis polypodioides var. michauxiana Resurrection fern Native
Plumbago zeylanica Wild plumbago, Doctorbush, Florida plumbago, White plumbago Native
Polygala violacea Candyweed, Showy milkwort Native
Polypremum procumbens Rustweed, Juniperleaf Native
Portulaca oleracea Purslane, Little hogweed Doubtfully Native
Portulaca rubricaulis Stalked purslane, Redstem purslane Native
Psidium guajava Guava Not Native, Naturalized
Psilotum nudum Whisk-fern Native
Psychotria nervosa Shiny-leaved wild coffee Native
Pteridium caudatum Lacy bracken fern Native
Pteris vittata China brake Not Native, Naturalized
Quadrella cynophallophora Jamaica caper-tree Native
Randia aculeata White indigoberry Native
Rhynchosia minima Least snoutbean Native
Rhynchospora colorata Starrush whitetop Native
Ricinus communis Castor-bean Not Native, Naturalized
Rivina humilis Rougeplant Native
Sabal palmetto Cabbage palm Native
Salvia micrantha Blodgett's sage, Yucatan sage Native
Salvia misella Southern river sage, Creeping sage Native
Samolus ebracteatus Water pimpernel, Limewater brookweed Native
Sansevieria hyacinthoides Bowstring-hemp, Mother-in-laws tongue, Snake plant Not Native, Naturalized
Sapindus saponaria var. saponaria Soapberry Native
Schefflera actinophylla Australian umbrellatree Not Native, Naturalized
Schinus terebinthifolius Brazilian-pepper Not Native, Naturalized
Schoepfia schreberi Gulf graytwig, Graytwig Native
Senna atomaria Flor De San Jose Not Native, Naturalized
Senna ligustrina Privet senna, Privet wild sensitive plant Native
Senna obtusifolia Sicklepod, Coffeeweed Native
Setaria macrosperma Coastal foxtail, Coral bristlegrass Native
Setaria parviflora Knotroot foxtail, Yellow bristlegrass Native
Seutera angustifolia Vine milkweed, Gulf Coast swallowwort Native
Sida ulmifolia Antilles fanpetals Native
Sideroxylon celastrinum Saffronplum Native
Sideroxylon foetidissimum Wild mastic, False mastic Native
Solanum americanum Common nightshade, American black nightshade Native
Solanum lycopersicum Tomato, Garden tomato Not Native, Naturalized
Solidago odora var. chapmanii Chapman's goldenrod Native
Solidago stricta Narrow-leaved goldenrod, Wand goldenrod Native
Sonchus oleraceus Common sowthistle Not Native, Naturalized
Sophora tomentosa var. truncata Yellow necklacepod Native
Spondias purpurea Purple mombin Not Native, Naturalized
Sporobolus domingensis Coral dropseed Native
Sporobolus pyramidatus Whorled dropseed Native
Stachytarpheta cayennensis Nettleleaf velvetberry Not Native, Naturalized
Suriana maritima Baycedar Native
Tecoma stans Yellow elder, Yellow trumpetbush Not Native, Naturalized
Tephrosia corallicola Coral hoarypea Native
Terminalia catappa Tropical-almond, West Indian-almond Not Native, Naturalized
Thelypteris kunthii Southern shield fern Native
Thespesia populnea Portiatree Not Native, Naturalized
Tillandsia balbisiana Reflexed wild-pine, Northern needleleaf Native
Tillandsia fasciculata var. densispica Stiff-leaved wild-pine, Cardinal airplant Native
Tillandsia flexuosa Banded wild-pine, Twisted airplant Native
Tillandsia paucifolia Twisted wild-pine, Potbelly airplant Native
Tillandsia recurvata Ball-moss Native
Tillandsia setacea Thin-leaved wild-pine, Southern needleleaf Native
Tillandsia usneoides Spanish-moss Native
Tillandsia utriculata Giant wild-pine, Giant airplant Native
Toxicodendron radicans Eastern poison-ivy Native
Trichostema dichotomum Forked bluecurls Native
Trichostigma octandrum Hoopvine Native
Urochloa distachya Signal grass, Tropical signalgrass Not Native, Naturalized
Urochloa fusca Browntop signalgrass Native
Vachellia farnesiana var. farnesiana Sweet acacia Native
Vachellia farnesiana var. pinetorum Pineland acacia Native
Vachellia tortuosa Poponax Native
Verbesina virginica Frostweed, White crownbeard Native
Vitis rotundifolia Muscadine, Muscadine grape Native
Vittaria lineata Shoestring fern Native
Waltheria indica Sleepy morning Native
Yucca aloifolia Spanish-bayonet, Aloe yucca Native
Zamia integrifolia Coontie, Florida arrowroot Native
Zanthoxylum fagara Wild-lime, Lime prickly-ash Native