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West Indian satinwood, Yellowwood
Zanthoxylum flavum

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Availability: Native plant nurseries in South Florida.

Range: The lower Florida Keys from the Marquesas northeast to Bahia Honda; West Indies, Mexico (Yucatan peninsula) and Central America (Bay Islands of Honduras).

Plant Map Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Coastal hammocks.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous. Fragrant. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed removed from the outer coating. Scatter seeds over soil and barely cover.

References: Hammer 2004

Comments: A critically imperiled species in South Florida.

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Other data on Zanthoxylum flavum available from:

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