General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. It can also be an attractive accent tree in parks and large residential yards.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A key element of scrub, and the only canopy tree.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium to large tree with a cylindrical to conical crown composed of numerous branches. Trunks to 1 foot or more in diameter. Bark gray, thin, brittle, with flaky scales, relatively smooth when young. Needles in bundles of 2s, about 2-3 1/2 inches long.
Typically 20-40 feet in height in South Florida; to 106 feet in Florida. Taller than broad.
Slow to moderate.
Southeastern United States south to Broward and Collier counties. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Greenish turning brown.
Cone. Pollination is by wind.
Short-stalked brown cone, 2-3" long. Some cones open when mature, other remain closed for 2-4 years or longer, opening irregularly or following fire.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides moderate amounts of food and cover for wildlife.
Can be grown from seed. Growth is rapid at first.
A handsome pine tree for extremely dry soils in South Florida. The trees are flammable, however, and are best kept away from structures such as houses and office buildings.