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Whiteflower passionflower
Passiflora multiflora var. multiflora

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also butterfly gardens in the upper Florida Keys.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.

Description: High climbing vine with tendrils.

Dimensions: N/A; a vine with stems to 10 feet or more in length.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County; West Indies and Central America. In the Monroe County Keys, and apparently absent south of Lignumvitae Key. In Miami-Dade County, native only to the Florida Keys in and around Elliott Key in Biscayne National Park.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Rockland hammocks.

Soils: Moist, well-drained limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.

Light Requirements: Light shade to full sun.

Flower Color: Calyx green, corolla and corona white.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous.

Flowering Season: Summer-fall.

Fruit: Dark blue capsular berry.

Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant for julia (Dryas iulia) and probably other butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed.

Comments: It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida.

Copyright by: George D. Gann
in habitat, Everglades National Park, Key Largo, Florida, 2013

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Other data on Passiflora multiflora var. multiflora available from:

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