General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium short-lived perennial herb.
Typically 2-3 feet in height, sometimes more. Usually taller than broad.
Monroe County Keys north to Duval, Alachua and Levy counties, then scattered in north Florida, Louisiana and Texas; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Very rare and scattered in the Monroe County Keys.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Inconspicuous membranaceous utricle.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Principal larval host plant of Hayhurst's scallopwing (Staphylus hayhurstii) butterflies.
Can be grown from seed or cuttings.