General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent epiphyte.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
One of the most abundant epiphytic ferns in a wide variety of forests.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Epiphytic or terrestrial fern with numerous erect fronds rising in a tuft from the rootstock. Leaves long and narrow.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Mostly taller than broad.
Monroe County Keys north to Volusia, Lake and Citrus counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. In the Monroe County Keys, apparently native only to Key Largo.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
A wide variety of swamps and humid forests.
Epiphytic, growing on the trunks and branches of trees and shrubs, or terrestrial in moist, well-drained humusy leaf litter; also on rotting logs and on limestone.
Moderate; can grow on nutrient poor substrate, but needs some nutrient inputs to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist substrate and high humidity and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from spores. Small plants can be transplanted.