General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A fairly uncommon understory herb in a variety of mesic and wetland ecosytems, but occasionally becoming abundant in small areas.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries and botanical gardens.
Medium herbaceous wildflower with grass-like leaves.
Typically 1-2 feet in height; up to 5 feet when in flower. Generally taller than broad.
Monroe County Keys north to Palm Beach and Lee counties; disjunct in Polk County; West Indies, Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key and nearby islands. Not documented on barrier islands in South Florida, but possibly historically present; it grows well at Pan’s Garden
in Palm Beach.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands, marshes and swamps.
Moist to seasonally wet, well-drained to poorly-drained sandy, limestone, or organic soils; also found on stumps and floating logs in swamps.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate to low; requires moist to wet soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Pale pink to bright rose-pink, with yellow on the lateral sepals and lip.
Showy, 1/2-3/4" wide.
Winter-summer; peak in spring.
Green capsule with dust-like seeds.
Wildlife and Ecology:
In Florida, all plants are self-pollinating. In the West Indies, the flowers are pollinated by bees that do not occur in South Florida.
Can be grown from division and seed.
It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday