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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Zanthoxylum flavum Vahl
West Indian satinwood, Yellowwood

Zanthoxylum flavum
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Family: Rutaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Tree

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida, the West Indies, Mexico (Yucatan peninsula) and Central America (Bay Islands of Honduras).

NatureServe Global Status: Rare

State of Florida Status: Endangered

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Critically Imperiled

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Critically Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: Ranked as critically imperiled in Rare Plants of South Florida (Gann et al. 2002; pp 576-577) based three occurrences in two conservation areas (Bahia Honda State Park, Key West National Wildlife Refuge) and one non-conservation area (Key West Golf Course on Stock Island) in the Monroe County Keys. No new occurrences are known. 

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Critically Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: First collected between 1838 and 1853 by John Loomis Blodgett on the island of Key West.  Reported for the lower Keys and lower sandy Keys by Sargent (1891).  Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for hammocks from the upper Keys to the lower Keys, but his definition of the upper Keys would have extended south and west to West Summerland Key in the lower Keys.  We consider this native and extant in the lower Keys and lower sandy Keys.

Other data on Zanthoxylum flavum available from :

Zanthoxylum flavum has been reported from the following 2 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Bahia Honda State Park Present Native
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Present Native

Zanthoxylum flavum has been reported for the following 2 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Coastal Berm
Rockland Hammock

All Images:

Zanthoxylum flavum
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer