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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Zanthoxylum coriaceum A. Rich
Biscayne prickly-ash

Zanthoxylum coriaceum
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Family: Rutaceae

Group: Dicot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Shrub

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida and the West Indies (Greater Antilles, Bahamas).

NatureServe Global Status: Rare

State of Florida Status: Endangered

Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status: Critically Imperiled

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Critically Imperiled

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: There is recruitment from introduced plants at Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park, but these plant are not yet reproductive (Possley 2022).

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: For more information, see our species account and our Natives For Your Neighborhood website. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website. See also Florida Natural Areas Inventory's Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Florida page (Chafin 2000).

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Not Native, Cultivated Only

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: Not reported for the Florida Keys by John Kunkel Small in 1913. Cultivated as a butterfly host. Native to South Florida along the coast from Key Biscayne in Miami-Dade County north to Palm Beach County.

Other data on Zanthoxylum coriaceum available from :

Zanthoxylum coriaceum has been reported from the following conservation area in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Recorded as Present in Error

All Images:

Zanthoxylum coriaceum
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Zanthoxylum coriaceum
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Zanthoxylum coriaceum
Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer