Help us maintain this website and keep it free and open for our community of scientists, students, and conservation managers, who depend on it to obtain the most up to date information. Help us save species and restore native ecosystems!

Please scroll to the bottom for more images.
Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Tillandsia fasciculata Sw. var. clavispica
Clubspike cardinal airplant

Tillandsia fasciculata
Copyright by: George D. Gann
In habitat, eastern Cuba, 2013

Family: Bromeliaceae

Group: Monocot

Substrate: Epiphyte

Habit: Herb

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: Peninsular Florida, Cuba and Mexico.

State of Florida Status: Endangered

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Possibly Extirpated or Extinct in the Wild

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: Ranked as possibly extirpated in Rare Plants of South Florida (Gann et al. 2002; pp 177-178) based on scattered collections between 1838 and 1956 from Key West, Miami (likely Brickell Hammock), and Long Pine Key in Everglades National Park. It appears that this taxon is establishing via seed rain from Cuba but failing to spread from points of recruitment (Gann 2015; 135). As such, we maintain the rank for this as possibly extirpated as additional extant plants would not be unexpected (e.g., possibly Kunzer 1761 USF from Hendry County).

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: See also, IRC’s report Vascular plant species of management concern in Everglades National Park (Gann 2015), page 133.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Presumed Extirpated

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Presumed Extirpated

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Presumed Extirpated

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: First collected on the island of Key West either by John Loomis Blodgett between 1838 and 1853 or by Ferdinand Rugel in 1846. This is the only known record from the Florida Keys. For more information on T. fasciculata var. clavispica in South Florida, see IRC's species account.

Other data on Tillandsia fasciculata var. clavispica available from :

Tillandsia fasciculata var. clavispica has been reported for the following habitat in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Rockland Hammock

All Images:

Tillandsia fasciculata
Copyright by: George D. Gann
In habitat, eastern Cuba, 2013

Tillandsia fasciculata
Copyright by: George D. Gann
Cultivated plant, Palm Beach County, Florida, 2013.
Note restricted base of spike with sterile bracts.

Tillandsia fasciculata
Copyright by: United States National Herbarium
FC Craighead,US