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Floristic Inventory of the Florida Keys Database Online

Smilax havanensis Jacq.
Havana greenbrier, Everglades greenbrier

Smilax havanensis
Copyright by: Beryn Harty, 2015
Key West Tropical Forest and Botanical Garden

Family: Smilacaceae

Group: Monocot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Vine

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida and the West Indies (Greater Antilles, Bahamas).

State of Florida Status: Threatened

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Rare

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: This is rare in South Florida, where it is known primarily from the Miami Rock Ridge and the Florida Keys; it can be very abundant in both pine rocklands and rockland hammock and is also found in coastal hammocks on sand along the southeastern coast north to Boyton Beach. Using modern NatureServe criteria, we re-ranked this as Rare in South Florida in July 2018.

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Apparently disjunct from Miami-Dade County to southern Palm Beach and Martin counties, where it needs to be vouchered. Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images.

FLORIDA KEYS Occurrence: Present

FLORIDA KEYS Native Status: Native

IRC FLORIDA KEYS Status: Rare

Map of select IRC data for the Florida Keys

Florida Keys History and Distribution: Reported in 1907 by C.F. Millspaugh for the lower sandy Keys.  Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for pinelands and hammocks throughout the Florida Keys.  We consider this native and extant throughout the Florida Keys.

Other data on Smilax havanensis available from :


Smilax havanensis has been reported from the following 16 conservation areas in the FLORIDA KEYS :
Occurrence Native Status
Attwood Addition, Indian Key Historic State Park Present Native
Bahia Honda State Park Present Native
Biscayne National Park, Florida Keys Section Present Native
Blue Heron Hammock, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Curry Hammock State Park Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Dove Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Native
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park, Klopp Tract Present Native
Long Key State Park Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Snake Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native




Smilax havanensis has been reported for the following 2 habitats in THE FLORIDA KEYS :
Pine Rockland
Rockland Hammock


All Images:

Smilax havanensis
Copyright by: Beryn Harty, 2015
Key West Tropical Forest and Botanical Garden

Smilax havanensis
Copyright by: Shirley Denton