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Smilax havanensis Jacq.
Havana greenbrier, Everglades greenbrier

Smilax havanensis
Copyright by: Beryn Harty, 2015
Key West Tropical Forest and Botanical Garden

Family: Smilacaceae

Group: Monocot

Substrate: Terrestrial

Habit: Vine

Perennation: Perennial

Native Range: South Florida and the West Indies (Greater Antilles, Bahamas).

Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida

State of Florida Status: Threatened

IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status: Rare

SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence: Present

SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status: Native

South Florida History and Distribution: This is rare in South Florida, where it is known primarily from the Miami Rock Ridge and the Florida Keys; it can be very abundant in both pine rocklands and rockland hammock and is also found in coastal hammocks on sand along the southeastern coast north to Boyton Beach. Using modern NatureServe criteria, we re-ranked this as Rare in South Florida in July 2018.

SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status: Cultivated

Comments: Apparently disjunct from Miami-Dade County to southern Palm Beach and Martin counties, where it needs to be vouchered. Visit our Natives For Your Neighborhood website for more information and images.

Other data on Smilax havanensis available from :

Smilax havanensis has been found in the following 60 conservation areas :
Occurrence Native Status
Atlantic Dunes Park Present Native
Attwood Addition, Indian Key Historic State Park Present Native
Bahia Honda State Park Present Native
Bill Sadowski Park Present Native
Biscayne National Park Present Native
Black Creek Forest Present Native
Blue Heron Hammock, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Camp Owaissa Bauer Present Native
Castellow Hammock parcel 28 Present Native
Castellow Hammock parcel 31 Present Native
Castellow Hammock parcel 33 Present Native
Castellow Hammock Park Present Native
Coral Pines Park Present Native
Coral Reef Park Present Native
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Curry Hammock State Park Present Native
Dagny Johnson Key Largo Hammocks Botanical State Park Present Native
Deering Estate at Cutler Present Native
Dove Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
Everglades National Park Present Native
Florida City Pineland Present Native
George N. Avery Pineland Present Native
Goulds Pineland Present Native
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Ingram Pineland Present Native
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park Present Native
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Present Native
Larry and Penny Thompson Park Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park Present Native
Lignumvitae Key Botanical State Park, Klopp Tract Present Native
Long Key State Park Present Native
Ludlam Pineland Present Native
Luis Martinez United States Army Reserve Station, Richmond Pine Rocklands Present Native
Matheson Hammock Park Present Native
Medlock Pineland Present Native
National Key Deer Refuge Present Native
Navy Wells Pineland #23 Present Native
Navy Wells Pineland #39 Native
Navy Wells Pineland Preserve Present Native
Ned Glenn Nature Preserve Present Native
Palm Drive Pineland Present Native
Pine Shore Preserve Present Native
Porter-Russell Pineland Present Native
Quail Roost Pineland Present Native
R. Hardy Matheson Preserve Present Native
Red Reef Park Present Native
Rock Pit #39 Present Native
Rockdale Pineland Present Native
Ron Ehman Park Present Native
Seminole Wayside Park Present Native
Silver Palm Groves Present Native
Silver Palm Hammock Present Native
Snake Creek Hammocks, Florida Keys Wildlife and Environmental Area Present Native
South Beach Park Present Native
Sunny Palms Pineland Present Native
Tamiami Pineland Complex Addition Present Native
The Barnacle State Historic Park Present Native
Trinity Pineland Present Native
Virginia Key Beach Park and Marine Stadium Present Native
Zoo Miami Present Native

Smilax havanensis has been found in the following 3 counties :
Occurrence Native Status
Collier County Native
Miami-Dade County Native
Monroe County (Keys) Native

Smilax havanensis has been found in the following 4 habitats :
Coastal Strand
Marl Prairie
Pine Rockland
Rockland Hammock

All Images:

Smilax havanensis
Copyright by: Beryn Harty, 2015
Key West Tropical Forest and Botanical Garden
Smilax havanensis
Copyright by: Shirley Denton