The typical variety is native to South Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America; other subspecies are found in the New and Old World tropics.
Map of select IRC data for peninsular Florida
NatureServe Global Status:
State of Florida Status:
Florida Natural Areas Inventory State Status:
IRC SOUTH FLORIDA Status:
Possibly Extirpated or Extinct in the Wild
SOUTH FLORIDA Occurrence:
SOUTH FLORIDA Native Status:
South Florida History and Distribution:
Ranked as critically imperiled in Rare Plants of South Florida (Gann et al. 2002
; pp 125-127) based on an occurrence in Everglades National Park that had been last vouchered in 1991; that population was likely destroyed by Hurricane Andrew in 1992. There was also a historical record from the interior of Miami-Dade County that was vouchered in 1923. It is widely cultivated in South Florida, but there are no long-term substantiated reports of it naturalizing anywhere within the region. Its distribution in South Florida may be constrained by limited precipitation and, historically, occasional freezing temperatures.
SOUTH FLORIDA Cultivated Status:
See also, IRC’s report Vascular plant species of management concern in Everglades National Park
(Gann 2015), page 130 and Florida Natural Areas Inventory's Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Florida
page (Chafin 2000).