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Wild-lime, Lime prickly-ash
Zanthoxylum fagara
Rutaceae
 

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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General Landscape Uses: Buffer plantings. Spiny barriers.

Availability: Native plant nurseries. Available in Fort Myers at All Native Garden Center and Plant Nursery (239-939-9663) and in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery (561-641-9488) and at Amelia's SmartyPlants (561-540-6296).

Description: Small to medium tree or large shrub with a cylindrical crown from many small, irregularly-shaped branches. Trunks generally short, to about 10 inches in diameter. The branches bear many sharp, hooked spines. Bark gray, rough. Leaves compound, aromatic, about 3-4 inches long.

Dimensions: Typically 10-20 feet in height; to 26 feet in South Florida. As broad as tall or broader.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Monroe County Keys north to Volusia, Marion and Citrus counties; Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Texas, Mexico, Central America and South America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Plant Map Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

 Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.

 Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.

Habitats: Hammocks.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Greenish-yellow.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous. Fragrant. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants.

Flowering Season: All year; peak winter-summer.

Fruit: Orange-brown glandular punctate follicles opening to reveal small, shiny, black seeds.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife. Larval host plant for giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) butterflies. Perhaps a secondary larval host for Schaus' swallowtail (Papilio aristodemus) butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed removed from the outer coating. Scatter seeds over soil and barely cover. Germination is in about a month.

Comments: When crushed, the leaves have a lime-like aroma. The wood is much desired for making furniture. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday page.


Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida
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Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: George D. Gann, 2018
In habitat, Quail Roost Pineland, Florida

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Michelle M. Smith, 2018
In habitat, Ned Glenn Nature Preserve, Florida

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Erin Backus
With Giant swallowtail caterpillar
.

Copyright by: Melissa E. Abdo

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Erin Backus
With Giant swallowtail caterpillar
.

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley


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