General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Description: Small to medium tree or large shrub with a rounded, spreading crown. Trunks short to 18 inches in diameter, but usually much less. Bark light gray, roughened by numerous cone-like warts bearing long, sharp brown spines. Leaves temperate deciduous, compound, aromatic, shiny green above, to about 8 inches in length.
Dimensions: Typically 10-20 feet in height in South Florida; to 65 feet in Florida. Often as broad as tall.
Growth Rate: Moderate.
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade and Lee counties. Very rare in Broward County; known only from the area in and around Hugh Taylor Birch State Park. Also rare in Miami-Dade County, where confined to barrier islands and sandy areas north of the Miami River. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website. Little's map exagerates the range of this inland in southeastern Florida.