General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Medium to large herbaceous wildflower.
2-4 inches in height.
Eastern and central North America west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Full sun to moderate shade.