General Landscape Uses:
Accent or specimen flowering shrub or small tree.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
In South Florida, naturalizing from cultivated plants well outside of its limited native range. Not recommended for general landscape use.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Large shrub or small tree.
Typically, 8-12 feet in height; rarely to about 20 feet in South Florida. As broad as tall or broader.
Moderate to fast.
South Florida, Bahamas, and Cuba; in South Florida, native only to Key Largo in the Florida Keys. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Brownish pod (legume).
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and cover for wildlife. Attracts pollinators.
Can be grown from seed.
Ward & Ing (1997
), Hammer (2004
Listed as Endangered by the State of Florida and as critically imperiled in South Florida by IRC.