General Landscape Uses:
Wildflower and rock gardens.
Native plant nurseries.
Medium annual or short-lived perennial herbaceous wildflower.
About 12-18 inches in height. Usually about as broad as tall.
Moderate to fast.
Eastern and central North America west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; Bahamas.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and open coastal uplands.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
All year; peak summer-fall.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts many pollinators, but especially bees.
Can be grown from seed.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday