General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Large herbaceous fern.
About 3-4 feet in height. Spreading and forming patches broader than tall.
Southeastern United States south to Pasco, Lake and Seminole counties (disjunct in Miami-Dade and Broward counties); Bahamas. In Broward County, known only from Fern Forest Nature Center.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet to moist limestone or sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from spores with difficulty, and division.