General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Large herbaceous fern.
About 3-4 feet in height. Spreads from underground stems and forms large patches.
Miami-Dade and Collier counties north to Brevard, Lake and Levy counties; disjunct in Liberty and Franklin counties; Louisiana; West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and Old World.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet hammocks and swamps.
Seasonally wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained organic soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from spores with difficulty, and division.