General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
Most typically an understory herb in brackish marshes along the coast.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Erect medium wildlflower with wiry zigzag stems.
About 1-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County north along the west coast to the Franklin County; Bahamas and Cuba.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Marshes and pinelands, often in brackish soils.
Wet to moist, periodically inundated brackish, sometimes freshwater, soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Pale blue or whitish.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts native bees and other beneficial insects.
The zigzag stem of this species is quite noticable.