General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Medium to large herbaceous wildflower.
2-3 feet; to 4 feet or more when in flower.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Swamps, marshes, hammocks and wet pine rocklands.
Seasonally wet, well-drained to moderately well-drained sandy soils, with or without humusy or organic top layer.
Moderate to low.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light to moderate shade.
Can be grown from seed.