General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
It can be used as one of many understory herbs in pine rocklands. It is rare in other pinelands in South Florida.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 1-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Eastern United States west to Louisiana and south to the Monroe County Keys; Bahamas. Rare in South Florida outside of Miami-Dade County. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key. Perhaps never present or extirpated in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.