General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small to medium herb-like shrub.
Typically 2-4 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Marshes, swamps and wet pinelands.
Moist to seasonally inundated, well-drained limestone or calcareous soils, without humus.
Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.