General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Small to medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 4-6 inches in height; to 2 feet when in flower. Taller than broad when in flower.
Eastern and central United States south to the Monroe County Keys; Bahamas and Mexico. Perhaps never present or extirpated in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands, swamps and marshes.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate to low; requires moist to wet soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Capsule containing numerous minute seeds.