General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Small herbaceous wildflower.
About 4-6 inches in height; to 1 foot or more when in flower. Taller than broad when in flower.
Eastern and central United States west to Oklahoma and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Very rare in Broward County along the eastern edge of the Everglades.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Marl prairies, swamps and wet pinelands.
Seasonally wet to moist, moderately well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils or soils with some organic content.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Capsule containing numerous minute seeds.