General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Native plant nurseries in central and northern Florida.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 3-4 feet in height. Spreading and forming patches broader than tall.
Southeastern United States north to New Jersey and south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and swamp margins.
Seasonally wet to moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate to high; plants growing in extremely dry soils may die during extended periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts native bees and other beneficial insects. Valuable source of insects for birds.
Can be grown from seed and division.