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Solanum erianthum

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Medium to large shrub or rarely a small tree with a rounded crown. Trunks short. Bark smooth, becoming rough with age and bearing many wart-like projections. Leaves yellowish-green, velvety, to 1 foot long.

Dimensions: About 6-10 feet in height. About as broad as tall.

Growth Rate: Fast.

Range: Monroe County Keys north to St John's, Putnam, Lake, Polk and Manatee counties; West Indies, Texas, Mexico, Central America and South America. It is also present in Africa and Asia, but its nativity there is unclear. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Hammock edges and gaps.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: White petals with yellow anthers.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Yellow globose berry.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides food and cover for wildlife. White-crowned pigeons eat the fruits.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed and root cuttings.

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Other data on Solanum erianthum available from:

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