General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 1-2 feet in height. Usually spreading and forming patches broader than tall.
Eastern and central North America west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Marshes and swamps.
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light shade to moderate shade or full sun.
Inconspicuous indehiscent carpels.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food for birds.