General Landscape Uses:
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An uncommon understory herb in mesic flatwoods.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Small to medium wildflower.
Typically 6-15 inches in height. Usually erect and taller than broad.
Eastern and central United States west to Texas and south to Broward and Collier counties. Perhaps extirpated in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Blue or pink.
Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant
for common buckeye (Junonia coenia
) and white peacock (Anartia jatrophae
) butterflies. It also attract pollinators.
Can be grown from seeds, cuttings and divisions.
It will spread from seed in the garden, but is not aggressive. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday