General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and rock gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Small to medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 6-12 inches in height; to 18 inches when in flower. Taller than broad.
Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade counties, and very rare or extirpated in Collier and Polk counties; Bahamas, southern Mexico and Central America (Belize). In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key and nearby islands.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Moist, well-drained limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
White bracts with green tips.
Can be grown from seed and divisions.