General Landscape Uses:
A versatile shrub for informal hedges, mixed buffer plantings and natural landscapes. Learn more about gardening with shiny-leaved wild coffee for birds and other wildlife in Attracting Birds to South Florida Gardens.
Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements: Light shade to full sun.
Flower Color: White.
Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy.
Flowering Season: All year; peak spring-summer.
Fruit: Red drupe. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for atala (Eumaeus atala), great southern white (Ascia monuste), julia (Dryas iulia), Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus), and other butterflies. Birds and other animals eat the fruits. Insects visit the flowers, which, in turn, provide food for insect-eating birds.
Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Place seeds on top of soil and sprinkle soil over the seeds to just cover. Place container in light shade.
References: Nelson 2003, Schaefer & Tanner 1997
Comments: See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday page.
Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley
Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014 In habitat, Secret Woods Buffer and Nature Center, Broward County, Florida
Copyright by: George D. Gann, 2011 In habitat, Dominican Republic
Copyright by: George D. Gann In habitat, South Florida