General Landscape Uses:
Accent shrub. Informal hedges. Buffer plantings.
Widely cultivated. Available in Lake Worth at
Indian Trails Native Nursery
(561-641-9488), in Homestead at
Plant Creations Inc.
(305-248-8147) and in Miami at
Pro Native Consulting
Medium shrub with dark green leaves.
About 3-4 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Moderate to slow.
Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County; Bermuda, Bahamas and Greater Antilles. In South Florida, native only to North Key Largo in the Monroe County Keys, and Miami-Dade County in the vicinity of Matheson Hammock Park and the Richmond Pine Rocklands.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties. Habitats:
Moist, well-drained limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light shade to moderate shade.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food and cover for wildlife. Birds and other animals eat the fruits.
Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Place seeds on top of soil and sprinkle soil over the seeds to just cover. Place container in light shade.
Miami-Dade County Landscape Manual
It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida. See also Florida Natural Areas Inventory's
Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Florida
page (Chafin 2000).