General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Small herb, often epiphytic.
About 6-12 inches in height. Usually taller than broad in small patches.
Southern United States west to Arizona and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and Old World. Very rare in the Monroe County Keys and perhaps absent from the middle Keys.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Moist forests and swamps.
Epiphytic; or terrestrial in moist, well-drained humusy leaf litter, acid to neutral pH.
Moderate; can grow on nutrient poor substrate, but needs some nutrient inputs to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; requires moist substrate and high humidity to thrive.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from seed and division.