General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also margins of ponds and lakes.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small to medium creeping herb.
About 2-3 feet in height. Spreading and forming dense mats much broader than tall.
Eastern and southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and the Old World tropics.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Swamps and marshes.
Wet, poorly-drained sandy or organic soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade.