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Longleaf pine
Pinus palustris

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

General Landscape Uses: Accent or specimen tree.

Availability: Native plant nurseries in central and northern Florida.

Description: Medium to large tree with a open, irregular, broadly conical crown. Trunks erect, straight, to 2 feet or more in diameter, but usually much less in South Florida. Bark dark gray, furrowed, and broken into irregular plates. Needles in bundles of 3s, 8-10 inches long.

Dimensions: Typically 30-50 feet in height in South Florida; to 105 feet in Florida. Taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Indian River, Glades and Lee counties. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida website.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Sandhills.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Greenish turning brown.

Flower Characteristics: Cone. Pollination is by wind.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Brown cone.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides moderate amounts of food and cover for wildlife.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed.

Comments: Seedlings resemble coarse clumps of grass. It may take 3-10 years to develop a trunk, after which growth is fairly rapid.

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Other data on Pinus palustris available from:

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