General Landscape Uses:
Accent or specimen tree.
Native plant nurseries in central and northern Florida.
Medium to large tree with a open, irregular, broadly conical crown. Trunks erect, straight, to 2 feet or more in diameter, but usually much less in South Florida. Bark dark gray, furrowed, and broken into irregular plates. Needles in bundles of 3s, 8-10 inches long.
Typically 30-50 feet in height in South Florida; to 105 feet in Florida. Taller than broad.
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Indian River, Glades and Lee counties. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Greenish turning brown.
Cone. Pollination is by wind.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides moderate amounts of food and cover for wildlife.
Can be grown from seed.
Seedlings resemble coarse clumps of grass. It may take 3-10 years to develop a trunk, after which growth is fairly rapid.